How to Make a Bootable OS X 10.9 Mavericks USB install drive on LINUX

This guide describes step by step how you can make a Mavericks USB installer on Linux without any running OS X.


-empty USB stick of minimum size 8GB
-copy of Mavericks
-working Linux (virtualized is also OK) with following installed packages:
hfsplus, hfsprogs, gparted, p7zip
-at least 15GB free space on your system
-time :)


1. Check the downloaded installer

You should have something similar location with the main DMG file

"YOUR_PATH/Install OS X"

Open a terminal window, go to this directory and check the MD5
cd YOUR_PATH/Install\ OS\ X\
md5sum InstallESD.dmg
For the 10.9 (13A603) you should get this: f222952400db8535c03697c3293e168e
and for 10.9.1 (13B42) this: f67bf055be1a494eb2547e17e74a0c13

2. Prepare the USB stick

Create a new MBR partition layout on your USB stick and add a primary HFS+ filesystem.

I prefer using gparted. Steps in this program:
-choose your USB stick at upper right corner
-go to menu: Device / Create partition table and select msdos
-go to menu: Partition / New and create a primary parition with HFS+ filesystem. The label can be osx86.
-go to menu Edit and apply all your pending changes

If the above is done, mount the newly created partition to /media/osx86/

3. Copy OS X's files

The InstallESD.dmg contains another InstallESD.dmg file. We need that.
cd YOUR_PATH/Install\ OS\ X\
7z x InstallESD.dmg InstallMacOSX.pkg/InstallESD.dmg
We got the a new InstallESD.dmg file. This file contains an HFS partition, we are extracting it.
cd InstallMacOSX.pkg/
7z x InstallESD.dmg 3.hfs
Now we can delete the unnecessary DMG file.
rm InstallESD.dmg
Mount the HFS file, do this with root rights (sudo or su - depending on your distribution)
sudo mkdir /mnt/osx
sudo mount -o loop 3.hfs /mnt/osx/
Extract the HFS partition from the BaseSystem.dmg
mkdir base
cd base
(We are here: YOUR_PATH/Install\ OS\ X\
7z x /mnt/osx/BaseSystem.dmg 3.hfs
Mount the new HFS file as well, do this with root rights
sudo mkdir /mnt/base
sudo mount -o loop 3.hfs /mnt/base/
Copy the files to the USB stick, do this with root rights

I suppose your USB drive is mounted here: /media/osx86/
sudo cp -r /mnt/base/. /media/osx86
sudo rm /media/osx86/System/Installation/Packages
sudo cp -r /mnt/osx/Packages /media/osx86/System/Installation
Clean, do this with root rights
sudo umount /mnt/base
sudo rmdir /mnt/base
sudo umount /mnt/osx
sudo rmdir /mnt/osx
Delete other unnecessary files

We are still here: YOUR_PATH/Install\ OS\ X\
cd ../../
rm -r InstallMacOSX.pkg
Kernel is in the Packages/BaseSystemBinaries.pkg. We are extracting it.
mkdir kernel
cd kernel
7z x -so /media/osx86/System/Installation/Packages/BaseSystemBinaries.pkg Payload | bunzip2 | cpio -i
Copy kernel to the right place, do this with root rights
sudo cp mach_kernel /media/osx86/
Delete the garbage
cd ..
rm -r -f kernel/
4. Install the Chameleon bootloader

Download the binary version of it and extract it

Find the dev file depending on your mount point:
mount | grep osx86
For example I got this:
/dev/sdb1 on /media/osx86 type hfsplus (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,umask=22,uid=0,gid=0,nls=utf8,uhelper=udisks)

So the dev file will be /dev/sdb for the writing of MBR:
sudo dd bs=446 count=1 if=boot0 of=/dev/sdb
and /dev/sdb1 for the writing the begining of the HFS+ partition:
sudo dd if=boot1h of=/dev/sdb1
Copy the boot file to the root of your USB stick
sudo cp boot /media/osx86
5. Install essential kexts

Download and extract it
sudo cp -r FakeSMC.kext/ /media/osx86/System/Library/Extensions/
Download and extract it
sudo cp -r NullCPUPowerManagement.kext/ /media/osx86/System/Library/Extensions/
6. Optional - Install MBR patch

sudo tar zxvf Mavericks_GM_MBR_Patch.tar.gz -C /media/osx86/
7. Troubleshooting

If you get this weird error message: "There was a problem reading the Mac OS X Installation disc. Carefully clean the disc, and then try reinstalling.", use the below command
sudo chmod 6755 /media/osx86/System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/Install.framework/Versions/A/Resources/runner
8. Finally DONE

Post a Comment